Rome: History and CultureGo to : ANCIENT ROME | MEDIEVAL ROME | RENAISSANCE ROME | BAROQUE ROME | MODERN ROME
Spolia Opima, the highest honor of the conductors
The Senate of Rome recognized to great generals of Rome, including Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus, Scipio Africanus, Marius, Sulla, Pompey Magnus, Julius Caesar, Marcus Agrippa, Drusus senior the honor to celebrate the Triumph.
The Romans were vires of militaries, and the valiant conduct in the war involved moral and material recognition, but it was not enough to be courageous, but also to show that they were clever men, or that the military actions were conducted so excellent to obtainer the desired result: the victory ...
Equestrian statues in Rome
The only great equestrian statue of Roman times that has come to this day is that of Marcus Aurelius; the splendid jewel of fusion art in Imperial Rome has been saved as it was believed that the character represented was Constantine because the statue was found near the Lateran where was the domus of Helena, mother of Constantine. But where Elena's domus stood there were Horti of Lucilla, the mother of Marcus Aurelius, and almost certainly the statue ornamented Lucilla's garden ...
An indecent proposal
In Rome, the Egyptian cults had come especially with the slaves and the cult of the Goddess Isis had soon made many followers among the people, but these cults were strongly opposed by the patricians and an episode is emblematic of this attitude. During the reign of Tiberius there was a fact about the indecent proposal that the patrician Decius Mundo did to the matron Paolina, wife of Sentius Saturninus; the knight offered two hundred thousand drachmas to the matron to spend a night of love with her; but Paolina refused each proposal and then the knight decided to resort to a stratagem worthy to Jupiter ...
Gifts and notes in ancient Rome
The emperor Vespasian at parties for Martiae Kalendae used to distribute to the women gifts accompanied by notes that were called apophoreta and probably the poet commissioned was Martial, Flavian cliens of long time , which has even left a collection with that name ...
Magic formulas to heal
"Haut Haut istasis tarsis ardannabon": this was the magic formula that, according to Cato (De agricultura), did heal anybody from all evil and had to be sung every day after pater familias had performed the propitiatory ritual of healing, said luxum ut excantes ...
The luxury and the Lex Oppia
The only reality in which the Romans considered lawful the female action was limited to the domus, but also in this space women were not supposed to get involved in politics; according to the mos maiorum the woman should be a wife and mother and was treated as an asset that the pater familias controlled and passed, by marriage, from father to husband and became part of his familia to whom also went her possessions ...
The secret name of Roman women
In ancient Rome, a own woman's name had to remain secret, in fact, while men have their name, then the name of the gens and finally the cognomen, women are always written as the name of the gens to which they belong - that often induces errors in historical treatises - and are distinguished with maior or minor based on the seniority or by an ordinal number, secunda, tertia ...
The colorful statues
The German archaeologist and erudite Johann Winckelmann in the second half of the eighteenth century claimed that the statues of the great Greek ...
Even in the V century A.D. the auriga were heroes beloved by the people and by powerful of Rome so that the Roman emperor of the of the Orient did depict ...
Ager nomentanum land of poets
The "villa" for the Romans, since ancient times was a house located outside the city walls and the word referred to both the residential building that ...
Italics Agorà in Delos
The mercantile activity in ancient Rome was certainly favored by good navigability of the Tiber River and the favorable conformation of the river ...
The initiation rites of Roman warriors
Mars is the ancient Italic god, represented - as told by Virgil - in the Archaic period with a headdress consisting of a helmet adorned by two pens ...
Coins of ancient Rome
The first coinage of the Rome history, according to legend, was desired by King Numa Pompilius and the currency was called nummo by its name; in reality ...
Venalicia, slaves markets
The wealth of Rome stemmed from the conquered territories resources and from the organization of their exploitation and, between all the resources that ...
Pearls, empresses and the others
Pearls were much loved by the Romans and indeed one of the arcades that faced the central Via Sacra was called just Porticus Margaritarias and there ...
The founding of Rome
The men who built their huts on the hills in front of the little island on the river, were looking for a possibility of better life. The boats that were going along ...
The Roman saline
During the reign of Ancus Marcius part of the salary of the soldiers was given in salt from which the term wages derives. Plinius the Old man was asserting ...
The heroic naked
The heroic naked style is born with the Greek art and is one of the motives of his originality, fundamental for the comprehension of his aesthetics as of that ...
Julius Caesar’s funeral
Caesar assassination’s was on 44 B.C. at Ides of March (March 15) in the Curia of Pompey in the Campus Martius, was killed with 23 stab wounds; on the eve ...
Rush of Berbers
In the nineteenth century the world capital of the Carnival was Rome; until the fifteenth century was the feast that the ordinary people made on the streets of Testaccio to celebrate the end of ...
Cultural circle of Queen Margaret
Rome was the capital of the Kingdom of Italy only from 1870 to 1946 and of the four kings and their queens only one was able to win the affection of the Italians, “Margaret”who was queen from January 1878 to July 1900 when the King Umberto was killed in Monza. Although Umberto the I was the second king of Italy, Margaret was the first Queen of Italy ...