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Rome: Events and Battles


April 21, 753 BC - The foundation

The men who built their huts on the hills facing the small island on the Rumon River sought a chance for a better life. The boats that went up and down the river came from distant lands and asked to be able to supply themselves with fresh food to the shepherds and farmers who lived on the hills ...

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Battle of Pydna – 168 BC

The battle of Pidna, fought in 168 BC, was the decisive battle of the third Macedonian war and the epilogue of the confrontation between Rome and the Kingdom of Macedonia of which it marked the end. Some facts make this battle emblematic and unique; its short duration of just two hours, the comparison between two military strategies and two different fighting techniques, the environmental and natural factors and above all the consequences for the geo-political structure in the Mediterranean basin ...

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The Battle of Philadelphia – 389 AD

When in 324 AD Constantine managed to reunify the empire took up a deep reorganization of the Roman army, not only because during the years of tetrarchy the Roman army had been divided but especially for a severe demographic crisis due to the economic crisis that hit the Empire as early as the 3rd century AD. To solve recruitment problems gave the opportunity to the barbarians who had defeated to join the army of Rome. This opportunity meant for people living in survival conditions, a living wage, to live in urban structures and at the end of the service have arable land. Many warriors of the Germanic tribes enrolled in the Roman army ...

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455: Here come the Vandals

There are events in the life of a city that mark so deeply that staying even verbal warning in the language of its inhabitants; even today in Rome in order to alert of an impending catastrophe they say "Here come the Vandals" and to sanction unacceptable behaviors you say "You're a vandal" ...

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64 AD Rome burns

The night of July 18 of A.D. 64 a fire broke out at the Circus Maximus, are unknown reasons, it is supposed to be powered with the goods ...

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The Battle of Cremera - 478 BC

Livy reminds on July 18, 478 BC as the dies Cremerensis, the day of the Battle of Cremera; It was one of the bitterest defeats to Roma who had to lose all ...

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1084 Sack of the Normans

During the period of clashes between the Papacy and the Empire, the battles involved Rome several times; the militias that supported the emperors had taken the city and appointed an antipope and to put things right the pope called Robert the Guiscard whose army made up of Normans and mercenaries set the city on fire; there was a fire that lasted three days and destroyed everything there was between the Lateran and Campus Martius ...

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800 AD – Coronation of Charlemagne

On Christmas Eve of 800 AD, the Holy Roman Empire was born in Rome when, in St. Peter's, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne saying: "To Charles Augustus crowned by God, great pacific emperor of the Romans" and the crowd that filled the Basilica burst into exclamations of joy and acclaimed him as supreme prince. This was the act that strengthened the bond between the Franks and the Papacy that already with Adrian Ist had recognized in the frank king the Patricius Romanorum, or the defender of the Church ...

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1527 Sack of Lansquenets

When during the war between the France of the Valois and the empire of the Habsburgs who controlled Spain and Germany, Pope Clement VII decided to support the French king, joining the Italian states against Charles V, attracted to Rome the wrath of emperor. The army of Charles V went down in Italy to reaffirm his supremacy and arrived in Rome on 6 May 1527; the army consisted of 30,000 men, of which 16,000 Spanish mercenaries and 14,000 German Lansquenets, even they volunteers but in fact soldiers who received the pay every five days and whom, if the pay did not arrive, were allowed to loot for a day. The Pope had entrusted the defense of Rome to Renzo of Ceri who could count on 5,000 soldiers and a strong artillery ...

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1823 Fire of Sant Paul's Basilica

In the spring of 1823, the curate of St Paul outside the Walls pointed out that the construction of a large iron bracket to supporting some of the main beams of the roof that risked collapsing could no be extended longer, as well in the roof of the basilica there were still water infiltrations during the rains ...

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